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  • 试题题型【阅读理解 Section A】
试题内容

     Every year in the first week of my English class, some students inform me that writing is too hard. They never write, unless assignments __1__ it. They find the writing process __2__ and difficult.

  How awful to be able to speak in a language but not to write in it- __3__ English, with its rich vocabulary. Being able to speak but not write is like living in an __4__ mansion (豪宅) and never leaving one small room. When I meet students who think they can't write, I know as a teacher my __5__ is to show them the rest of the rooms. My task is to build fluency while providing the opportunity inherent in any writing activity to __6__ the moral and emotional development of my students. One great way to do this is by having students write in a journal in class every day.

  Writing ability is like strength training. Writing needs to be done __7__, just like exercise; just as muscles grow stronger with exercise, writing skills improve quickly with writing practice. I often see a rise in student confidence and __8__ after only a few weeks of journal writing.

  Expressing oneself in writing is one of the most important skills I teach to strengthen the whole student. When my students practice journal writing, they are practicing for their future academic, political, and __9__ lives. They build skills so that some day they might write a great novel, a piece of sorely needed legislation, or the perfect love letter. Every day that they write in their journals puts them a step __10__ to fluency, eloquence (雄辩), and command of language.

A. closer

B. daily

C.emotional

D. enhance

E.enormous

F. especially

G. hinder

H. mission

I.. painful

J. performance

K. profession

L. remarkably

M. require

N. sensitive

O. urge

1.[选词填空]
    • 解题思路:形容词辨析题。空格位于不定冠词an与名词mansion之间,显然需要一个形容词,而且需要以元音字母开头。选项中不是元音开头的形容词可以全部排除,而另外一个以元音开头的形容词C)emotional"感情的",不符合句意,故排除。
    2.[选词填空]
      • 解题思路:副词辨析题。本句句子结构完整,所以此处缺少修饰成分。根据上下文推断,需要表示"每天"的副词做状语, 因此可以直接选定答案。
      3.[选词填空]
        • 解题思路: 形容词辨析题。空格缺少形容词与academic, political 作并列成分,共同修饰后面的名词lives。根据下文一一对应的举例,此处的形容词应与love letter 对应,可直接选定答案。
        4.[选词填空]
          • 解题思路:动词辨析题。空格位于从句的主语 assignments和宾语it之间,因此需要一个及物动词作谓语。选项中的另三个动词 D)enhance"推动";G)hinder"阻碍"和O)urge"敦促",均不符合句意。
          5.[选词填空]
            • 解题思路:名词辨析题。空格位于形容词性物主代词my和系动词is之间,需要一个名词作宾语从句的主语。而且根据句意,此处的名词意思应为"工作"或者"任务"。选 项中另外两个名词 J)performance"表现"和K)profession"职业",都可以与 my搭配,但不符合句意,故排除。
            6.[选词填空]
              • 解题思路:名词辨析题。空格位于连词and之后,根据and前面的成分判断,此处需要一个名词J)performane"表现"。选项中另外两个名词 H)mission"任务"和K)profession"职业",均不符合句意,所以排除。
              7.[选词填空]
                • 解题思路:动词辨析题。空格前出现动词不定式符号to,此处需要一个动词原形,而且要与后面的development搭配。G)hinder可与development搭配,但与句意相反,需要排除;O)urge不能与development搭配,所以排除。
                8.[选词填空]
                  • 解题思路:

                    形容词辨析题。空格处为连词and连接的两个并列成分之一。根据and之后的difficult可以判断,此处需要一个与difficult同义或近义的 形容词。选项中其他形容词A)closer"更近的";B)daily "每天的";C)emotional "感情的";E)enormous"巨大的";N)sensitive"敏感的",均不符合句意, 故排除。

                  9.[选词填空]
                    • 解题思路:形容词辨析题。空格处缺少与step搭配的形容词作后置定语,而且要与介词to搭配。根据句意,这里表示"向……更近一步"。选项中其他形容词均不能与介词to搭配,所以全部排除。
                    10.[选词填空]
                      • 解题思路:副词辨析题。空格处缺少副词。前半部分提到language,空格之后的English为语言的一种,因而此处的意思是:英语尤其如此。选项中另一个副词L)remarkably"不同寻常地",不符合句意,故排除。
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                      • 参考答案:E,B,C,M,H,J,D,I,A,F