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  • 所属考试大学英语四级试题库
  • 试题题型【翻译】
试题内容
  秦朝是第一个统一(unify)中国的朝代。秦始皇作为中国的首个皇帝而被人们所记住。他以绝对的权威进行无情地统治,甚至破坏了与他的理念不一致的古代惯例和文学。虽然秦朝只持续了l5年,但它对于中国文化的影响是巨大的。它引入了封建制度(feudal system),并使之成为了帝制中国的核心特征。它标准化了度量衡、货币以及书面语。它还完成了巨大的基础设施建设(infrastructure projects),包括最早期的长城。大学英语四级在线题库
  • 参考答案:    The Qin Dynasty Was the first to unify China,and Qin Shi Huang is remembered as China’s first emperor.He ruled ruthlessly with absolute authority and even destroyed ancient practices or literature not corresponding to his ideas. Although the Qin Dynasty lasted only l5 years。its impact on Chinese culture was great.The feudal system Was introduced and became a central feature of imperial China.Weights and measures,currency and the written language were all standardized.Huge infrastructure projects were completed,including the earliest Great Wall.
  • 解题思路:1.第一句和第二句是并列关系,所以将这两句合译为一句,用and进行连  接,这样逻辑关系更紧密;“统一中国”可译为unify China;“作为……被  人们所记住”可以be remembered as…来表达。
    2.第三句中,“以绝对的权威”和“无情地”都作“统治”的状语,分别译为  介词短语with absolute authority和副词ruthlessly。
    3.第四句中,翻译“虽然……但……”时,英文句子中不能同时出现although和but。
    4.最后三句的主语都是“它”,指代“秦朝”,但中文多主动,英文多被动,所  以翻译这3个句子时,均应翻译为被动语态。