大学英语六级题库/阅读理解 Section C

    When most people think of the word "education", they think of a pupil as a sort of animate (有生命的) sausage container. Into this empty container, the teachers are supposed to stuff"education".
   But genuine education, as Socrates knew more than two thousand years ago, is not inserting the stuffing of information into a person, but rather eliciting knowledge from him; it is the drawing out of what is in the mind.
    "The most important part of education," once wrote William Ernest Hocking, the distinguished Harvard philosopher, "is this instruction of a man in what he has inside of him."
    And, as Edith Hamilton has reminded us, Socrates never said, "I know, learn from me." He said, rather, "Look into your own selves and find the spark of truth that God has put into every heart and that only you can develop to flame."
    In the dialogue called the "Meno", Socrates takes an ignorant slave boy, without a day of schooling, and proves to the amazed observers that the boy really "knows" geometry -- because the principles of geometry are already in his mind, waiting to be called out. 
    So many of the discussions and controversies about the content of education are useless and inconclusive because they are concerned with what should "go into" the student rather than with what should be "taken out", and how this can best be done. The college student who once said to me, after a lecture, "I spend so much time studying that I don't have a chance to learn anything," was expressing his dissatisfaction with sausage-container view of education.
    He was being so stuffed with varied facts, with such an indigestible mass of material, that he had no time (and was given no encouragement) to draw on his own resources, to use his own mind for analysing and synthesizing and evaluating this material.
    Education, to have any meaning beyond the purpose of creating well-informed dunces (劣学生), must elicit from the pupil what is potential in every human being -- the rules of reason, the inner knowledge of what is proper for men to be and do, the ability to assess evidence and come to conclusions that can generally be agreed on by all open minds and worm hearts.
    Pupils are more like oysters (牡蛎) than sausages. The job of teaching is not to stuff them and then seal them up, but to help them open and reveal the riches within. There are pearls in each of us, if only we knew how to cultivate them with enthusiasm and insistence.

1.[单选题]The phrase "well-informed dunces" (Line 1, Para.9) refers to__________.
  • A.well-educated but stupid students
  • B.intelligent and efficient students
  • C.talented but incapable students
  • D.knowledgeable but inactive students
2.[单选题]As Edith Hamilton reminded us about Socrates, students___________.
  • A.should learn knowledge from their teachers with modesty
  • B.should investigate what the God has put in their hearts
  • C.were encouraged to discover the truth themselves
  • D.were required to find the spark to flame
3.[单选题]According to the view of education as oysters,__________.
  • A.teaching content is primarily decided by teachers
  • B.students should acquire as much knowledge as possible
  • C.knowledge can only be acquired through hard work
  • D.teachers' job is mainly to find out students' values
4.[单选题]What did Socrates say about genuine education?
  • A.Education should draw students' attention.
  • B.Education demands to absorb much knowledge.
  • C.Education requires explicit knowledge transfer.
  • D.Education aims to develop students' potentials.
5.[单选题]The example of the slave boy shows that ____________.
  • A.the boy is a genius with rich knowledge
  • B.schooling is unnecessary to young people
  • C.clever people can learn geometry by themselves
  • D.knowledge exists in people's mind waiting to be explored
参考答案: A,C,D,D,D