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  • 试题题型【阅读理解】
试题内容

In the United States, it is not customary to telephone someone very early in the morning. If you telephone him early in the day, while he is shaving or having breakfast, the time of the call shows that the matter is very important and requires immediate attention. The same meaning is attached to telephone calls made after 11:00 pm. If someone receives a call during sleeping hours, he assumes it's a matter of life or death. The time chosen for the call communicates its importance.

In social life, time plays a very important part. In the U.S.A. guests tend to feel they are not highly regarded if the invitation to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date. But it is not true in all countries. In other areas of the world, it may be considered foolish to make an appointment too far in advance because plans which are made for a date more than a week away tend to be forgotten. The meaning of time differs in different parts of the world. Thus, misunderstandings arise between people from different cultures that treat time differently. Promptness is valued highly in American life, for example. If people are not prompt, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible. In the U.S. no one would think of keeping a business associate waiting for an hour, it would be too impolite. A person, who is 5 minutes late, will say a few words of explanation, though perhaps he will not complete the sentence. 

1.[单选题]What does it mean in the passage if you call someone during his or her sleeping hours? _______
  • A.A matter of work.
  • B.A matter of life or death.
  • C.You want to see him or her.
  • D.You want to make an appointment with him or her.
  • 解题思路:细节题。在文章的第5行有明确的说明。
2.[单选题]From the passage we can safely infer that _______
  • A.it’s a matter of life or death if you call someone in day time.
  • B.the meaning of time differs in different parts of the world.
  • C.it makes no difference in the U.S. whether you are early or late for a business party.
  • D.if a person is late for a date, he needn’t make some explanation.
  • 解题思路:选项A本身陈述就与文章内容不符,所以不是正确选项。D与文中陈述不符。C也不符合题意。B可以从文中找到答案。
3.[单选题]Which of the following time is proper if you want to make an appointment with your friend in the U.S. A.?
  • A.at 7:00 am
  • B.at 4:00 pm
  • C.at the midnight
  • D.at 4 am
  • 解题思路:细节判断题。根据文章第1行和第5行的说明,我们可以判断只有B是最合适的时间。
4.[单选题]Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? ________
  • A.In the U.S.A. guests tend to feel they are highly regarded if the invitation to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date.
  • B.No misunderstandings arise between people from different cultures about the concept of time.
  • C.It may be considered foolish to make an appointment well in advance in the U.S.A..
  • D.Promptness is valued highly in American life.
  • 解题思路:细节判断题。根据文章,我们知道在美国如果在宴会前三四天才邀请的客人,往往不是重要的客人,所以A错。同时各国对于时间的理解也各有不同,所以B错。在美国应该提前发出邀请,所以C错。
5.[单选题]What is the main idea of this passage? ________ 
  • A.It is not customary to telephone someone in the morning and in sleeping hours in the U.S.
  • B.The role of time in social life over the world.
  • C.If people are late, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible in the U.S.
  • D.Not every country treats the concept of time as the same.
  • 解题思路:主旨题。根据对文章的阅读与理解,我们可以发现这篇文章主要是向人们介绍时间观念的文章,而其他项是文章的部分细节。
  • 参考答案:B,B,B,D,B