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  • 试题题型【阅读理解】
试题内容
    The French Revolution broke out in 1789. At the time France was in a crisis. The government was badly run and people’s lives were miserable. King Louis XIV tried to control the national parliament and raise more taxes. But his effort failed. He ordered his troops to Versailles. The people thought that Louis intended to put down the Revolution by force. On July 14,1789, they stormed and took the Bastille, where political prisoners were kept. Ever since that day, July 14 has been the French National Day. Louis tried to flee the country in 1792 to get support from Austria and Prussia. However, he was caught and put in prison. In September 1792, the monarchy was abolished. In the same year, Louis was executed. A few months later his wife, Marie also had her head cut off. The Revolution of France had frightened the other kings of Europe. Armies from Austria and Prussia began to march against France. The French raised republican armies to defend the nation. The Revolution went through a period of terror. Thousands of people lost their lives. In the end, power passed to Napoleon Bonaparte. 
1.[单选题]What does the underlined word “abolished” mean?
  • A.Put off
  • B.Established
  • C.United
  • D. Ended
  • 解题思路:这是一道词义推测题,我们通常需要根据上下文的线索来猜测词义。就本题而言,划线词所在句子的大意是“1792年9月,君主制被怎么样了。”这篇文章是按照时间顺序进行叙述的,所以我们需要了解在1792年9月之前发生了什么,我们细读这几句话“Louis tried to flee the country in 1792, to get the support from Austria and Prussia. However, he was caught and put in prison. In September 1792, the monarchy was abolished.”(1792年国王路易十四试图逃跑以期得到奥地利和匈牙利的支持,但是他还是被捕入狱)。随后在这句话后面出现句子“In the same year, Louis was executed.”(同年,路易十四被处决)。因此我们可以推断一个国家国王逃跑,后又被处决,那么这个国家的政权制度肯定就被废除了,所以我们确定答案D。这里选项A短语 put off的意思是“推迟、推延”。选项B的意思是“建立、设立”;选项C的意思是“联合,团结”。
2.[单选题]What was NOT the effect of the Revolution?
  • A.July 14 has become the French National Day
  • B.It brought some impact on the other European Kings
  • C.Louis’s wife, Marie was killed
  • D.The king tried to control the national parliament
  • 解题思路:这是一道推断题,本题询问“以下哪个不是法国大革命产生的效果?”。这道推断题不太容易找到具体对应的句子或者句群,需要我们从整篇文章的内容中进行推断。在我们对四个选项进行认真分析后发现,选项A说明法国大革命爆发之日成为法国的国庆日,选项B说明法国大革命对欧洲其他国王带来了影响,选项C说明路易十四的妻子在大革命爆发后也被处死,这些都是讲述法国大革命爆发后的事件,而选项D则是描述大革命爆发前的状态——国王试图控制议会,这并不是法国大革命所带来的影响,所以我们确定选择答案D。
3.[单选题]Where were the political prisoners kept?
  • A.In Versailles
  • B.In Austria
  • C.In Prussia
  • D. In Bastille
  • 解题思路:这是一道细节题,本题询问“政治犯关押在什么地方?”。本题需要的是有关地点的信息。地点作为专有名词,出现在文章中必须大写,所以在我们在阅读中很容易注意到它们。根据选项中的四个地名,我们对文章进行查读后发现这样一句话“On July 14, 1789, they stormed and took the Bastille, where political prisoners were kept.”这句话与题干相符,所以我们确定选择答案D。
4.[单选题]What’s this passage about?
  • A.France
  • B.King Louis
  • C.The French Revolution
  • D. Europe
  • 解题思路:这是一道主旨题,本题询问这篇短文是关于什么主题的,即中心大意。一般来讲,一篇文章的中心大意可能位于文首或文尾,也有可能隐藏在整篇文章之中。同时,一篇文章的主题也常常是文中出现频率较高的名词,它们往往体现文章的主题。这篇文章的第一句话“The French Revolution broke out in 1789.”(1789年法国大革命爆发)随后在文章里又相继出现了两次Revolution和一次The Revolution of France,同时通过浏览我们也可以判断出这篇文章是围绕法国大革命爆发的背景、过程及带来的影响而展开叙述的,由此可知这篇文章的中心大意就是有关法国大革命,因此正确答案是C。选项A和D所指的范围太宽泛,选项B的范围又过于狭隘。
5.[单选题]Which did not happen in 1789?
  • A.The French Revolution broke out
  • B.The national economy was developing rapidly
  • C.The government wasn’t well run
  • D.King Louis XIV was in power
  • 解题思路:这是一道细节题,本题询问“以下哪件事不是发生在1789年?”。本题的关键词是“1789年”。一般来讲,人名、地名、年代、金钱等信息出现在文章中,很容易被读者关注。我们浏览全文后发现,本篇文章一共出现了两个年代信息,分别是1789和1792。在文章中,前部分都是有关1789年发生的事情,直到“Louis tried to flee the country in 1792, to get the support from Austria and Prussia.”这一句开始描述1792年以后发生的事情。四个选项中,A、 C和D很清晰地在文章前四句话里涉及,而选项B与选项C互为相反的情况,因此我们确定选择答案B。
  • 参考答案:D,D,D,C,B