大学英语六级题库/阅读理解 Section C

You’ve now heard it so many times, you can probably repeat it in your sleep. President Obama will no doubt make the point publicly when he gets to Beijing: the Chinese need to consume more; they need— believe it or not—to become more like Americans, for the sake of the global economy.

And it’s all true. But the other side of that equation is that the US needs to save more. For the moment, American households actually are doing so. After the personal-savings rate dipped to zero in 2005, the shock of the economic crisis last year prompted people to snap shut their wallets.

In China, the household-savings rate exceeds 20%. It is partly for policy reasons. As we’ve seen, wage earners are expected to care for not only their children but their aging parents. And there is, to date, only the flimsiest (脆弱的)of publicly-funded health care and pension systems, which increases incentives for individuals to save while they are working. But China is a society that has long esteemed personal financial prudence (谨慎).There is no chance that will change anytime soon, even if the government creates a better social safety net and successfully encourages greater consumer spending.

Why does the US need to learn a little frugality (节检)? Because healthy savings rates are one of the surest indicators of a country’s long-term financial health. High savings lead, over time, to increased investment, which in turn generates productivity gains, innovation and job growth. In short, savings are the seed corn of a good economic harvest.

The US government thus needs to act as well. By running constant deficits, it is dis-saving, even as households save more. Peter Orszag, Obama’s Budget Director, recently called the US budget deficits unsustainable and hes right. To date, the US has seemed unable to see the consequences of spending so much more than is taken in. That needs to change. And though Hu Jintao and the rest of the Chinese leadership aren’t inclined to lecture visiting Presidents, he might gently hint that Beijing is getting a little nervous about the value of the dollar—which has fallen 15% since March, in large part because of increasing fears that America’s debt load is becoming unmanageable.

That’s what happens when you’re the world’s biggest creditor: you get to drop hints like that, which would be enough by themselves to create international economic chaos if they were ever leaked. (Every time any official in Beijing deliberates publicly about seeking an alternative to the US dollar for the $2.1 trillion China holds in reserve, currency traders have a heart attack. $ If Americans saved more and spent lessconsistently over time, they wouldn’t have to worry about all that.

1.[单选题]What is the author’s purpose of writing the passage?
  • A.To urge the American government to cut deficits.
  • B.To encourage Chinese people to spend more.
  • C.To tell Americans not to worry about their economy.
  • D.To promote understanding between China and America.
2.[单选题]What should be done to encourage Chinese people to consume?
  • A.Changing their traditional way of life.
  • B.Providing fewer incentives for saving.
  • C.Improving China’s social security system.
  • D.Cutting down the expenses on child-rearing.
3.[单选题]What does the author mean by saying “savings are the seed corn of a good economic harvest”(Lines 3-4, Para. 4)?
  • A.The more one saves,the more returns one will reap.
  • B.A country’s economy hinges on its savings policy.
  • C.Those who keep saving will live an easy life in the end.
  • D.A healthy savings rate promotes economic prosperity.
4.[单选题]How did the economic crisis affect Americans?
  • A.They had to tighten their belts.
  • B.Their bank savings rate dropped to zero.
  • C.Their leadership in the global economy was shaken.
  • D.They became concerned about China’s financial policy.
5.[单选题]In what circumstances do currency traders become scared?
  • A.When Beijing allows its currency exchange rates to float.
  • B.When China starts to reduce its current foreign reserves.
  • C.When China talks about switching its dollar reserves to other currencies.
  • D.When Beijing mentions in public the huge debts America owes China.
参考答案: A,C,D,A,C