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  • 试题题型【阅读理解 Section A】
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三、Part III Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

Section A
Directions:
 In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
  
   Physical activity does the body good, and there’s growing evidence that it helps the brain too. Researchers in the Netherlands report that children who get more exercise, whether at school or on their own,  26   to have higher GPAs and better scores on standardized tests. In a  27    of 14 studies that looked at physical activity and academic  28  , investigators found that the more children moved, the better their grades were in school,  29   in the basic subjects of math, English and reading.
  The data will certainly fuel the ongoing debate over whether physical education classes should be cut as schools struggle to  30   on smaller budgets. The arguments against physical education have included concerns that gym time may be taking away from study time. With standardized test scores in the U.S.  31   in recent years, some administrators believe students need to spend more time in the classroom instead of on the playground. But as these findings show, exercise and academics may not be  32   exclusive. Physical activity can improve blood  33   to the brain, fueling memory, attention and creativity, which are  34   to learning. And exercise releases hormones that can improve  35   and relieve stress, which can also help learning. So while it may seem as if kids are just exercising their bodies when they’re running around, they may actually be exercising their brains as well.

A) attendance

B) consequently

C) current

D) depressing

E) dropping

F) essential

G) feasible

H) flow

I) mood

J) mutually

K) particularly

L) performance

M) review

N) survive

0) tend


1.[选词填空]
    • 解题思路:句意:在研究运动和学术成就的14份调查的评论中。根据句子结构可知,空格处缺少一个名词,联系文中句意,performance表示“表现,成就”。故答案为L。
    2.[选词填空]
      • 解题思路:句意:在关于研究运动和学术成就的14份调查的评论中。根据句子结构可知,空格处缺少一个名词。in a review of表示“……的评论”,因此本题答案为M。
      3.[选词填空]
        • 解题思路:句意:无论是学校的集体运动还是个体运动,这些孩子们在标准测试中都会倾向于得到更高的平均成绩和更好的分数。根据后文说运动对智力有好处,推断运动多的学生成绩也更高,tend to表示“倾向于”,符合题意,故此空应填O。
        4.[选词填空]
          • 解题思路:句意:观察者发现孩子运动越多,他们在学校的成绩越好。特别是数学基础课、英语和阅读。分析句子结构可知,句子主干完整,空格后面的结构与in school结构一致,因此空格处应填副词,结合备选项中的副词并联系上下文可知此处应填particularly。故答案为K。
          5.[选词填空]
            • 解题思路:句意:身体运动可以促进血液流到大脑,提高记忆力、注意力和创造力,他们对学习是很重要的。分析句子结构可知,空格处缺少动词。血液是流动到大脑的,flow表示“流动”,符合题意,故答案为H。
            6.[选词填空]
              • 解题思路:句意:这些数据必将会激起关于体育课是否应该被去除的讨论,因为学校想要依靠更少的预算存活下来。分析句子结构可知,空格所在的从句缺少动词。结合句子的句意,survive on表示“依靠……存活”,符合句意,故答案为N。
              7.[选词填空]
                • 解题思路:句意:随着近几年美国学生成绩的下降,一些管理者认为学生需要花更多的时间在学习上,而不是在操场上。后文说要花更多的时间在学习上,推测学习成绩下滑,drop表示“下降”,此处填入动词现在分词形式作状语,故答案为E。
                8.[选词填空]
                  • 解题思路:句意:运动可以释放荷尔蒙改善心情,减少压力。分析句子结构可知,空格处缺少名词作宾语。mood表示“心情”,符合句意,故答案为I。
                  9.[选词填空]


                    • 解题思路:句意:但是这些发现表明学习和运动不是完全对立的。分析句子结构可知,句子主干完整,空格处填入副词来修饰形容词exclusive。联系上下文可知此处应填mutually,故答案为J。
                    10.[选词填空]
                      • 解题思路:句意:身体运动可以促进血液流到大脑,提高记忆力、注意力和创造力,他们对学习是很重要的。分析句子结构可知,空格处缺少形容词。essential表示“重要的”,符合句意,故答案为F。
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                      • 参考答案:L,M,O,K,H,N,E,I,J,F