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  • 试题题型【阅读理解 Section C】
试题内容

    A recent study, published in last week’s Journal of the American Medical Association, offers a picture of how risky it is to get a lift from a teenage driver. Indeed, a 16-year-old driver with three or more passengers is three times as likely to have a fatal accident as a teenager driving alone. By contrast, the risk of death for drivers between 30 and 59 decreases with each additional passenger.
  The authors also found that the death rates for teenage drivers increased dramatically after 10 p. m., and especially after midnight. With passengers in the car, the driver was even more likely to die in a late-night accident.
  Robert Foss, a scientist at the University of North Carolina Highway Research Center, says the higher death rates for teenage driver have less to do with "really stupid behavior" than with just a lack of driving experience. "The basic issue." He says, "is that adults who are responsible for issuing licenses fail to recognize how complex and skilled a task driving is."
  Both he and the author of the study believe that the way to mitigate (使……缓解) the problem is to have states institute so-called graduated licensing systems, in which getting a license is a multistage process. A graduated license requires that a teenager first prove himself capable of driving in the presence of an adult, followed by a period of driving with night of passenger restrictions, before graduating to full driving privileges.
  Graduated licensing systems have reduced teenage driver crashes, according to recent studies, about half of the states now have some sort of graduated licensing system in place, but only 10 of those states have restrictions on passengers, California is the strictest, with a novice (新手) driver prohibited from carrying any passenger under 20 (without the presence of an adult over 25) for the first six months.

1.[单选题]The present situation in about half of the states is that the graduated licensing system_____.
  • A.is under discussion
  • B.is about to be set up
  • C.has been put into effect
  • D.has been perfected
  • 解题思路:细节推论题。问目前的情况。末段第二句说,有一半的州政府已经实行了不同类型的分级颁照制,因此C项“已经实行”是正确的。
2.[单选题]According to Paragraph 3, which of the following statements is TRUE?
  • A.Teenagers should spend more time learning to drive.
  • B.Driving is a skill too complicated for teenagers to learn.
  • C.Restrictions should be imposed on teenagers applying to take driving lessons.
  • D.The licensing authorities are partly responsible for teenagers’ driving accidents.
  • 解题思路:细节推断题。A项说,少年应花更多的时间学驾车,原文未提时间长短问题,故A错。B项说,驾车对少年来说,太复杂,少年学不会,与文章不符。文章只说驾车是一项复杂、技能要求高的工作,但未说少年学不会。C项说,对申请上驾驶课的少年严加限制与文不符。D项说,颁照当局对少年驾车事故应负部分责任,与第三段末旬“根本问题是负责颁照的成年人没认识到,驾车是一项多么复杂技能要求多么高的工作”,D项与此义吻合。
3.[单选题]Which of the following situations is most dangerous according to the passage?
  • A.Adults giving a lift to teenagers on the highway after 10 p.m.
  • B.A teenager driving after midnight with passengers in the car.
  • C.Adults driving with three or more teenage passengers late at night.
  • D.A teenager getting a lift from a stranger on the highway at midnight.
  • 解题思路:细节推断题。题目问的是下面哪一种情况最危险。依据文章第二段段首句说:晚上10点后少年司机驾车,致命事故发生频率高得惊人。特别是半夜以后更高。B项说,少年司机半夜后驾车而且载有乘客最危险与文章所述的两个基本内容吻合。因此,B项为答案。
4.[单选题]A suggested measure to be taken to reduce teenagers’ driving accidents is that_____.
  • A. driving in the presence of an adult should be made a rule
  • B.driving in the presence of an adult should be made a rule
  • C.hey should not be allowed to drive after 10 p. m.
  • D.the licensing system should be improved
  • 解题思路:推论题。用什么措施来减少少年司机驾车事故呢?文章第三、四段都叙述分级颁照的必要性和实行的情况,因此D项为答案。
5.[单选题]According to Robert Foss, The high death rate of teenage drivers is mainly due to_____.
  • A.their frequent driving at night
  • B.their improper way of driving
  • C. their lack of driving experience
  • D. their driving with passengers
  • 解题思路:细节题。第二段首句,福斯说,少年司机死亡率高的原因与其说是愚蠢行为的关系,不如说是缺乏经验的关系更大。C符合原文。
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  • 参考答案:C,D,B,D,C