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  • 试题题型【阅读理解Section D】
试题内容
Directions: Read the following text from which 10 words have been removed. Choose from the words A—O the most suitable one to fill each numbered gap in the text (46 -55). There are FIVE extra words that you do not need to use. Mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.
   In order to work here the foreigner needs a work permit, which must be applied for by his  1 employer. The problem here is that the Department of the Employment has the right to  2   or refuse these permits, and there is little that can be done about it. It would be extremely unwise for a foreign visitor to work without a permit, since anyone doing so is  3   to immediate deportation. There are some  4 to this rule, most notably people from the Common Market countries, who are  5 to work without permits, and who are often given temporary residence permits of up to five years. Some other people, such as doctors, foreign journalists, authors and others, can work without permits.
  The problem with the act is not just that some of its rules are unfair but the way it is  6 , and the people who administer it.
  An immigration official has the power to stop a visitor off these shores coming into the country. If this happens the visitor has the right to appeal  7   the Immigration Appeal Tribunal. While the appeals are being  8 , the visitor has no choice but to wait sometimes for quite a long time.
  Critics of the law say that immigration officials treat the confused visitors badly, and appear to accept or reject them for no  9 reason. Which side of the political  10 you are on, there seems to be an urgent need for a good look at the Act, for it causes frequent argument, and in the eyes of many real injustice.
[A] prospective   [B] for     [C] fence
[D] to        [E] liable    [F] apparent
[G] administered   [H] regulations [I] exceptions
[J] employed     [K] considered  [L] grant
[M] long-standing  [N] entitled   [O] exemption
1.[选词填空]___
    • 解题思路:空格前为形容词性物主代词his,后面为名词,所以空格处应填入形容词。上文提到,为了能在这里工作,外国人需要有一张工作许可证,介词by后面跟的是动作的发出者,所以能申请许可证的是他/她未来的雇主。prospective employer表示的是“未来的雇主”,故答案为A项。
    2.[选词填空]___
      • 解题思路:空格前为系动词be,空格后为介词to,分析句子结构可知该处应填入形容词。上文提到没有许可证工作是不明智的,接着since引导的从句解释原因,“这样做会被立即驱逐出境”。liable后面一般跟不理想的事情,即“易于产生某种(对主语)不利的后果”,常用于警告。be liable to sth.“应受处罚”,符合句意,故答案为E项。
      3.[选词填空]___
        • 解题思路:分析句子结构可知,该处应填入过去分词或形容词。上文提到欧共体的人是个例外,所以他们有权在无许可证的情况下也能工作。entitle使有……权利。be entitled to (do) sth.有权利做某事。故正确答案为N项。
        4.[选词填空]___
          • 解题思路:空格前为固定搭配have the right to“有权做……”,后面跟动词原形。该句中or表示选择,意为“或”“还是”,通常其连接的两种成分是不同的,甚至是对立的。工作许可证的申请有可能通过,也有可能不通过,or后面连接的是refuse,观察选项,与之意思相反的是grant“授予,允许”,符合句意,故应选L项。
          5.[选词填空]___
            • 解题思路:appeal to“上诉”为固定搭配。该句表达的是如果这种情况发生了,游客有权上诉移民上诉法庭。选项中还包括介词for,构成短语appeal for,表示“恳求,请求”,不符合句意,应排除,故答案为D项。
            6.[选词填空]___
              • 解题思路:根据空格前面的are being,可知该处表示的是现在进行时的被动语态,所以应填入过去分词。空格后提到来到这里的人别无选择,只能进行漫长的等待,所以空格处表示的是上诉正在被考虑中,故K项considered符合题意。
              7.[选词填空]___
                • 解题思路:on the fence意为“持观望态度,保持中立”,为固定搭配。
                8.[选词填空]___
                  • 解题思路:空格前提到,问题不仅仅在于这些规定是否公平,the way it is…表示的是做某件事的方式,空格处应填入动词,it指代rule,做主语,所以应使用被动语态。空格后面一句使用的是动词administer,所以it做主语应使用过去分词administered。
                  9.[选词填空]___
                    • 解题思路:该句中包含there be句型,且空格前有some修饰,故应填入名词。上文提到工作许可证的重要性,下文则讲到很多来自欧共体的人可以work without permits,所以他们是例外情况。exception例外(一般与“to”搭配),符合上下文语义,故选择I项。
                    10.[选词填空]___
                      • 解题思路:空格前提到批评该法案的人士称移民局官员对待那些不太明白这些法案的申请者很差劲,所以可以推测出他们会随意的决定是批准还是拒绝。apparent明显的。for no apparent reason为固定搭配,表示“无缘无故的;毫无来由的”,符合上下文内容,故应选择F项。
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                      • 参考答案:A,E,N,L,D,K,C,G,I,F