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  • 试题题型【阅读理解 Section C】
    Job hunting is never easy, but what if data could be used to make the process a little less stressful?Companies such as Linkedln and Monster.com hold vast amounts of information on people's professional lives, but there is one organization that surpasses them all: the federal government.Although rich and comprehensive, government labor data can often be hard to access, bound by red tape and cloaked in jargon. 
    "With today's technologies, we can do a lot more to build open dam sets for skills," said Aneesh Chopra, the White House's first chief technology officer and founder of Arlington-based start-up Hunch Analytics.During his tenure, Chopra's role involved making government dam more accessible.It's a mission he has continued after his departure, assembling a band of public officials, tech entrepreneurs and think-tank analysts whose focus is firmly on the labor market. 
    A robust economic recovery tempered by flat wages has reinforced the need to connect Americans with higher-paying technology jobs, according to the White House.That was the rationale behind the President's new initiative, announced last week, to train and hire Americans for more than 500,000 unfilled information teclmology jobs through partnerships with local communities. 
    "There's not a standard, real-time, modem way to identify all the skills our economy needs in play today.Worlfforce and talent planners have a daunting job in ensuring they have a 'ready-now' workforce, so the more dam they can get, the better informed they are." said Leighanne Levensaler, senior vice president of products at Workday, a human resources software company that was involved in the project. 
    The closest thing to a standard national database is the Labor Department's Occupational Information Network Website, known as O * Net.Built in the 1990s, the site compiles dam on more than 900 occupations, with details about job skills, average compensation and a search tool to find jobs by state.But although the site is continually updated, it has been slow to keep pace with the changing job market, according to Chopra and Levensaler. 
A push to modernize O * Net is the group's next big undertaking.The President's 2016 budget proposal includes a $ 5 million request to study and test approaches "to modernize and potentially streamline dam collection" for O * Net. The measure seeks to provide " up-to-date coverage of occupations and skills, particularly for high-growth,  changing industries."  Chopra convened a roundtable of government officials, academics and private-sector executives last month to discuss measures to improve O * Net.Workday and LinkedIn are among the companies interested in the effort-- which is still at a conceptual stage, Chopra said. 
    To open-dam advocates such as Chopra, there's no better time to harness the power of information for the economy."No one company, no matter how amazing they are, has the capacity to get every employer in America to open up their skills data for every job posting," he said."The government has the capacity to convene stakeholders to open up the dam." 
1.[单选题]In the last paragraph, Chopra emphasizes
  • A.the importance of information technology
  • B.the government's role as an organizer
  • C.the necessity of opening up job database
  • D.the limitation of all information companies
  • 解题思路:由题干中的last paragraph定位到最后一段最后两句。定位句指出,任何一个公司都没有能力将全部的职业需求信息加以整合,只有政府有能力将所有的利益相关者聚集起来。可见,乔布拉强调的是政府作为组织者的作用.故答案为B.。A.“信息技术的重要性”,文中是说乔布拉强调对信息技术的利用,而其目的仍然是整合政府数据库,因此信息技术的重要性不是强调的重点,故排除;C.“开放职业数据库的必要性”,开放数据库是乔布拉的努力方向,但最后一段主要是强调政府在此事上的作用,故排除;D.“所有信息公司的局限性”,根据句间关系,乔布拉所讲的重点是最后一句,而不是信息公司的局限性,故排除。
2.[单选题]In what respect is the company database inferior to that of federal government?
  • A.Amplitude.
  • B.Accessibility.
  • C.Integrity.
  • D.Authority.
  • 解题思路:事实细节题。第二段首句明确指出,像领英和Monster.com这样的公司掌握着人们大量的职业生涯信息,但是还有一个机构超过所有这些公司:联邦政府。可见,公司数据库是在丰富性方面不及联邦政府数据库,故答案为A.。B.“可及性”,这一点在第二段第二句提到过,但作者指出,恰恰是在可及性方面联邦政府数据库不及公司数据库,故排除;C.“完整性”,作者虽然在该段中提到了政府数据库的完整性,但并没有在这方面将两种数据库加以比较,故排除;D.“权威性”,文中没有提及这一点,故排除。
3.[单选题]We can infer from the passage that O*Net
  • A.functions as a standard national database
  • B.tries to compile the change of job data
  • C.gets fmancial support from the government
  • D.attracts companies into the update project
  • 解题思路:由题干中的0*Net定位到第六段最后一句。定位句指出,0*Net目前还跟不上劳动力市场的变化情况,而政府有意采取措施改进,目的就是使其能够及时涵盖行业与技能信息:可见,0*Net努力要整合职业数据,故答案为B.。A.“发挥着全国标准数据库的作用”,文章第六段第一句提到,0*Net是最接近于全国标准数据库的网站.可见,它暂时还不具备这个功能,故排除;C.“从政府获得财政支持”.文章第七段第二句提到,2016年总统预算有财政支持的意向,但现在还没有实施.故排除;D.“吸引公司加入升级项目”,第七段最后一句虽然提到有公司对这个项目感兴趣,但还只停留在概念层面,可见并没有加入,故排除。
4.[单选题]The passage implies that Aneesh Chopra
  • A.serves as the White House's chief technology officer
  • B.sets up a company on the basis of government dam
  • C.sticks to the improvement of government dam sets
  • D.hires a group of experts on behalf of the government
  • 解题思路:推理判断题。定位段指出,安尼什·乔布拉在担任白宫首席技术官期间就想要让政府数据库更具有可及性,而在其任期结束后,他仍然把这件事视为己任。可见,他一直致力于改进政府数据库,故答案为C.。A.“担任白宫首席技术官”,第三段首句提到,他是第一位白宫首席技术官,第1句又明确提到,他已经离任了,故排除;B.“在政府数据库基础上建立了一个公司”,第1段首句提到,他是汉驰分析公司的创始人,但并没有说该公司是在政府数据库的基础上建立的,故排除;D.“代表政府雇用一群专家”,第三段第三句虽然讲到他聚集了一些专家,但是既没有提到存在雇用关系,也没有说是代表政府召集的,故排除。
5.[单选题]Which of the following statements would Leighanne be most likely to agree with?
  • A.The government should issue information about higher-paying vacancies.
  • B.It is impossible to include all kinds of professional skills in database.
  • C.Workforce should be prepared at any time for jobs in great need.
  • D.More information helps planners to connect workforce with positions.
  • 解题思路:根据题干中的Leighanne定位到第五段第二句:Workforce and talent planners have adaunting job in ensuring they have a‘ready—now’workforce,SO the more data they can get,thebetter informed they are.定位句指出,劳务与人才规划者们肩负着令人生畏的任务,他们要确保町以拥有“随时准备着的”人力资源。所以,他们得到的数据越多,就越能获得更多的信息。而对于劳动力做好准备的具体意思还可回溯到第四段首句,即将适合的劳动力与岗位联系起来。可见,Leighanne认为充分的数据可以帮助规划者将劳动力与岗位联系起来,故答案为D.。A.“政府应该发布高薪岗位的信息”,虽然第四段强调了联系劳动力与高薪岗位的重要性,但Leighanne并没有提出要求政府发布这方面的信息,故排除;B.“在数据库中囊括所有门类的职业技能是不可能的”,该句是对第五段首句的曲解,原文提到识别当今经济所需的全部技能并没有一个标准的、实时的和现代的办法,但这并不意味着这个目标是不可实现的,故排除;C.“劳动力应该随时为稀缺岗位做好准备”,确保劳动力满足岗位需求是规划者的责任,而不是强调劳动者本身的准备,故排除。
  • 参考答案:B,A,B,C,D