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  • 试题题型【阅读理解 Section B】
试题内容
Directions: Read the pieces taken from five letters to a magazine by five people commenting on an article about global warming. For questions 1 to 5, match the name of each person (1 to 5) to one of the statements (A to G) given below. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET.
  Mikhil Jaislnghanl:
  After reading your article “The Truth About Global Warming”, I’m no less concerned about the earth’s environmental condition. You say “Scientists are still differing with huge gaps in their knowledge.” But Lindzen, the writer of the article, is no closer to the truth simply because he can criticize. Global warming may be far from understood, but let us act to prevent it anyway, just in case the effects are real.
  John Leaver:
  It’s shameful that you present Lindzen’s views on climate change as “The Truth About Global Warming.” It seems that your magazine is keeping an open mind, even though you admit that most climate scientists disagree with Lindzen’s opinions. You characterize the view that waste gases should be cut as “very European. “ I take it that it is very American to pursue a policy of unlimited energy consumption without considering what most scientists and other countries think.
  Thomas Hervouet:
  How can we believe a man who holds that there is only a very weak link between lung cancer and cigarette smoking? Lindzen’s position is unacceptable because it shows his lack of knowledge about cancer. I believe that French President Jacques Chirac is more informed on global warming-- which no serious scientist denies--than President Bush, whose interests depend on the oil industry.
  Hans-Joachim Hell:
  What Lindzen says makes sense to mc. For years I’ve read articles on negative climatic change and greenhouse effect. The only agreement seems to be “We agree that we disagree. “Considering the recent chilly summers in Germany, I’ve no idea where the “warming” can be found. In past decades, summers were hot, almost unbearable. Now, in the midst of summer, we turn the heaters on and wear warm clothes.
  Derek Kickinson:
  The U.S. government should act for the American people by signing the Kyoto Agreement, instead of acting for Big Oil in America. Even if scientists cannot agree on the numbers, global warming is taking place, and this is not beneficial for the planet. The anti-Kyoto position of the U.S. government is a short-term political move, but the long-term losers will be the American people and the environment.
  Now match the name of each person (1 to 5) to the appropriate statement.
  Note: there are two extra statements.
  Statements
  
1.[选词填空]_________
    • 解题思路:最后一段文章说美国只关心石油,而不会为了美国人民在维护环境的《京都议定书》上签字,从长期看美国政府要失去人民和环境。这与B项表述的“总有一天美国会为他的短期眼光而付出代价”一致。
    2.[选词填空]_______
      • 解题思路:第二段短文中:“It seems that your magazine is keeping an open mind…You characterize the view that waste gases should be cut as very European. ”说明Lindzen的观点帮助杂志展开了对全球变暖问题的讨论。  
      3.[选词填空]________
        • 解题思路:第四段一开头汉斯一约克姆·荷欧就说他很赞同Lindzen所说的,这与A项“Lindzen really has a point to make an global warming. (对Lindzen所作评论持肯定态度)”一致。 
        4.[选词填空]________
          • 解题思路:第一段文章最后说“全球变暖的真相也许很难弄明白但是无论如何让我们付出行动来阻止它,以防这一效应真的发生。”其中“Let us act to prevent it anyway”是密科里尔·加西哈尼写这段文字的目的。与C项“不管全球变暖问题的观点有多少,我们应该为全球变暖做些什么”表述一致。 
          5.[选词填空]________
            • 解题思路:汤姆森·哈文特从开始就说不能相信一个认为肺癌和吸烟之间关系很细微的人所说的话,Lindzen的立场是不可接受的。与D项“Lindzen看上去没有资格对全球变暖对健康的影响发表看法”表述一致。  
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            • 参考答案:B,E,A,C,D