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  • 试题题型【阅读理解 Section A】
试题内容
    Do you wander aimlessly through life, taking each day as it comes? A new researchshows that at any age, having a sense of purpose could add your life span.
    The research suggests that creating a purpose for yourself could___1___healthy ageing throughout a dulthood. "Our findings find that setting important goals for life canactually help you live longer, regardless of when you'll find your purpose," says leadresearcher Dr. Patrick Hill.
    Purposefulness ( 目标性) has__2__been found to be one of the strongest predictorsof longevity, but this is the first study in which this effect was studied specially.
    Hill__3__data from a large-scale longitudinal ( 持续的 ) study of health conductedin the us amongst adults between the ages of 20 and 75. As a measure for the level of purposein life, the researchers used the scores participants had given when__4__themselvesagainst three statements: "Some people__5__aimlessly through life, but I am not oneof them"; "I live life one day at a time and don't really think about the future"; and "Isometimes feel as if I've done all there is to do in life".
    Fourteen years after filling in this__6__,9% participants had passed away.
Those__7__had scored significantly higher on self-reported purpose in life, whichsurprisingly consistent across all age groups. And this shows the__8__of finding apurpose at any stage in adult life.
    It is still unknown through which mechanisms a sense of purpose may increase aperson's life__9__. It is possible that those with a clear purpose could he getting morephysical exercise, or enjoying the benefits of__10__their goals regularly. 
A.achieving   
B.alive    
C.examined   
D.expectancy  
E.Hopefully 
F.Indifferent 
G.Introduced 
H.Presumably 
I.Previously 
J.Promote 
K.questionnaire 
L.Rating 
M.Remote 
N.significance 
O.wander 
1.[选词填空]
    • 解题思路:空格位于一个由but连接的并列句中,其所在的分句结构完整,根据空格前的助动词has和空格后的been found可以判断,此处需要填入一个副词。由整个句子后面的一个分句可以判断,该句话陈述的是已经发生的事实,而非假设,因而previously“先前地”符合此处语境,故选I。
    2.[选词填空]
      • 解题思路:根据空格前的filling in this可以判断,此处需要填入一个名词,且该名词须能与fillingin“填写”相搭配,备选词汇中只有questionnaire“问卷”符合此处语境,故选K。
      3.[选词填空]
        • 解题思路:根据空格前的shows the和空格后的of…可以判断,此处需要填人一个名词。空格所在的句子承接前文,而前文中陈述了在曾经参与调查的人中,那些依然活着的人在生活有目标方面得分更高,由此可以推知该句说的是这项研究表明了找到生活目标的重要性,备选词汇中significance“重要性”符合此处语境,故选N。
        4.[选词填空]
          • 解题思路:根据空格前的the benefits of和空格后的their goals可以判断,此处需要填入一个动名词,且该动名词后须能接goals作其宾语。备选词汇中只有achieving“实现,达到”符合此处语境,故选A。
          5.[选词填空]
            • 解题思路:此处空格位于that引导的宾语从句中,该从句中缺少一个行为动词来与情态动词could一起用作该宾语从句的谓语,由此可以判断此处需要填入一个动词原形。备选词汇中wander“闲逛”显然不符合此处语境,只有promote“促进”用在此处语义通顺,故选J。
            6.[选词填空]
              • 解题思路:根据空格前的increase a person’s life可以判断,此处需要填入一个名词,与life一起构成名词短语。备选词汇中只有expectancy“预期”符合此处语境。life expectancy意为“预期寿命”,故选D。
              7.[选词填空]
                • 解题思路:空格所在的句子缺少谓语动词,再由上下文所采用的一般过去时时态可以判断,此处需要填入一个动词的一般过去时形式。备选词汇中能够接data作其宾语的动词过去式只有examined“检查;调查”,故选C。
                8.[选词填空]
                  • 解题思路:根据空格前的限定词Those可以判断,此处需要填入一个形容词或名词。该句前面一句中说到在填写这个调查问卷十四年之后,9%的被调查者已经离世,由此不难推断空格所在的句子中说的是那些仍然健在的调查参与者的情况,备选词汇中的alive“活着的”符合此处语境,故选B。
                  9.[选词填空]
                    • 解题思路:此处空格位于由but连接的一个并列句中,整个句子采用的是一般现在时,而空格所在的分句缺少谓语动词,主语为Some people,由此可以判断此处需要填入一个动词原形。备选词汇中只有wander“闲逛”符合此处语境,故选O。
                    10.[选词填空]
                      • 解题思路:此处空格位于when引导的时间状语从句中,该从句中缺少动词,再由该句中提到的scores“分数”可以判断,备选词汇中只有rating“评定”符合此处语境,故选L。
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                      • 参考答案:I,K,N,A,J,D,C,B,O,L