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    Being in a classroom full of "the best and brightest" students may not help fringeones, according to new research that (1)popular theory. The study shows that studentsin a middle school gifted and( 2 )program perform no better on national tests than asimilar group of students who didn't3for the program.
    "This paper is part of a growing body of literature suggesting that just because youhave stronger( 4 )don't necessarily mean you are going to perform better," says Scott,associate professor of economics and education at Michigan State University.
    Gifted and talented programs have grown in( 5), with more than 3 millionstudents now enrolled nationwide.
    Using a 6 of more than 14,000 fifth-graders in an urban school district,researchers analyzed students' standardized test scores in math, science, reading, socialstudies and language arts.
    The study(7 )a group of children who qualified for a gifted and talented programby (8). meeting a certain threshold based on past academic performance. Their testscores were compared to the students who just missed meeting the threshold--in otherwords, students who were very similar (9). The marginal students in the gifted andtalented program showed no improvement in test scores over the non-qualifying studentsin any of the five subjects.
The study also looked at gifted and talented students who were picked in a lottery fora "magnet" program, which emphasizes a more(10)and specialized curriculum.
    The researchers compared test scores of the magnet students who won the lottery tothe gifted and talented students who lost the lottery and found no significant differencein four of the five subjects: math, reading, social studies and language arts. The magnetstudents did show improvement in science. 
A.academically    
B.barely   
C.contradicts  
D.intellectually  
E.intensive 
F.motivate 
G.objective 
H.peers 
I.popularity 
J.qualify 
K.sample 
L.socialization 
M.specimens 
N.talented 
O.targeted 
1.[选词填空]
    • 解题思路:动词辨义题。分析空格所在句子的结构和时态可知,空格处应填入一个动词过去式,作整个句子的谓语。备选词汇中只有targeted“把……作为目标”符合此处语境,故选O。
    2.[选词填空]
      • 解题思路:名词辨义题。根据空格前的形容词stronger和空格后的don’t可判断空格处应填入一个名词。空格所在部分的意思是“……仅仅因为你有更强的——并不意味着你会表现得更好”,代入其他几个名词后句意明显不通,再联系本文的主旨:在资优班学生并不一定表现更好,可知只有peers“同龄人;同伴”符合此处语境,故选H。
      3.[选词填空]


        • 解题思路:根据空格前的more和空格后的and specialized可判断此处应填入一个可以与specialized“专业的”并列的形容词。intensive“加强的,集中的”符合上下文语境,故选E。
        4.[选词填空]
          • 解题思路:名词辨义题。由空格前的介词in可判断空格处应填人一个名词,构成介宾短语。根据空格后with more than 3 million students now enrolled nationwide(目前全国有300多万学生参加了资优班),可知该段在讨论资优班的受欢迎程度,popularity符合文意,故选I。
          5.[选词填空]
            • 解题思路:根据空格前的similar可以判断,此处空格处应填入一个副词来修饰形容词similar。空格所在分句中的students指的是前文中提到的两类学生,即刚刚达到成绩要求的资优生和只差一点就符合资优生要求的学生,由此可知学生们的学习成绩不相上下,academically“学业上”符合此处语境,故选A。
            6.[选词填空]
              • 解题思路:动词辨义题。分析空格所在句可知,该处是一个由who引导的定语从句,空格处应填入一个动词与for一起构成定语从句的谓语。备选词汇中只有qualify符合,qualifyfor是“合格,有……资格”的意思,故选J。
              7.[选词填空]
                • 解题思路:根据空格所在句子的结构可知,句中by引导了一个介宾短语,充当整个句子的方式状语,而介宾短语中的宾语由动名词短语meetinga certain threshold充当,由此可判断,空格处应填入一个副词,修饰动名词meeting,备选副词中只有barely“勉强”符合上下文语境,故选B。
                8.[选词填空]
                  • 解题思路:空格前是new research that,空格后是popular theory,可判断空格所在部分为that引导的定语从句,修饰限定先行词new research,再结合整个句子的一般现在时时态,可以判断空格处应填入第三人称单数形式的动词,作该定语从句的谓语,符合语法条件的只有contradicts,意为“与……矛盾”,故选C。
                  9.[选词填空]
                    • 解题思路:名词辨义题。根据空格前的不定冠词a可判断空格处应填入一个可数名词的单数形式。备选词汇中符合语法条件的名词只有sample,意为“样本,例子”,符合此处语境,故选K。
                    10.[选词填空]
                      • 解题思路:形容词辨义题。空格前是gifted and,空格后是program一词,由此可判断空格处应填入一个与gifted“有天赋的”并列的形容词。只有talented“有才能的”可与gifted在语义上并列,故选N。
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                      • 参考答案:O,H,E,I,A,J,B,C,K,N