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  • 试题题型【阅读理解Section D】
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Directions: Read the following text from which 10 words have been removed. Choose from the words A—O the most suitable one to fill each numbered gap in the text (46 -55). There are FIVE extra words that you do not need to use. Mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.
    One in six. Believe it or not, that's the number of Americans who struggle with hunger. To make tomorrow a little better, Feeding America, the nation's largest 1________ hunger relief organization, has chosen September as Hunger Action Month. As part of its 30 Ways in 30 Days program, it’s asking 2________across the country to help the more than 200 food banks and 61,000 agenda in its network provide low income individuals and families with the fuel they need to 3________

  It's the kind of work that' s done every day at St. Andrew' s Episcopal Church in San Antonio. People who 4_______ at its front door on the first and third Thursdays of each month aren't looking for God—they’re there for something to eat. St. Andrew's runs a food pantry (食品室) that 5________the City and several of the 6_______towns. Janet Drane is its manager.

  In the wake of the 7_______, the number of families in need of food assistance began to grow. It is 8______ that 49 million Americans are unsure of where they will find their next meal. What's most surprising is that 36% of them live in 9______ where at least one adult is working. "It used to be that one job was all you needed," says St. Andrew's Drane. "The people we see now have three or four part-time jobs and they' re still right on the edge 10______ "

  A. accumulate

  B. circling

  C. communities

  D. competition

  E. domestic

  F. financially

  G. formally

  H. gather

  I. households

   J. recession

  K. reported

  L. reviewed

  M. serves

  N. surrounding

  O. survive

1.[选词填空]___
    • 解题思路:此处需填入形容词,与the nation’s largest及hunger relief一起修饰中心词organization;此处提到“供养美国”应是美国国内最大的饥荒救援组织,所以此处填domestic(国内的)最为恰当。
    2.[选词填空]___
      • 解题思路:根据句子结构判断从句中缺少谓语动词,所以需填入谓语动词。因为先行词a food pantry为单数名词,且整句话都为现在时(runs为现在时),所以谓语动词应该用第三人称单数形式。在选项中,只有selves“接待,服务”符合条件,填入文中意为“这个食品室向整个城市和周边几个城镇供应(食物)”。
      3.[选词填空]___
        • 解题思路:根据词组need to do可知此处需填动词原形,备选项中有ac—cumulate,gather和survive符合条件。文中they need t0…为定语从句,修饰fuel,可理解为they need the fuel to…,食物应该是用以生存,符合低收入个人和家庭的特点,accumulate意为“增加,积聚”,gather意为“聚集”。故选survive“活下来,幸存”。
        4.[选词填空]___
          • 解题思路:从句子结构分析,介词0f后应用名词或动名词作其宾语,故此处需填入名词作短语的中心词。词组in the wake of意为“随着…的’到来”,即上下旬意为“随着——的到来,需要食品援助的家庭数量开始增加”,由此可推断应该是经济萧条造成的,因此选recession (经济萧条不景气)语义相符。
          5.[选词填空]___
            • 解题思路:此处为who引导的定语从句,从句中缺少谓语,所以需填入谓语动词。因为先行词people为复数,且从后文的each month判断出时态为一般现在时,所以这里应该用动词原形。survive语义不符,可以排除。此处语义上指人“聚集”,用9ather。而accumulate指事物量的增加,强调“经过一段比较长的时间由少到多的积累”,不适合用于此处。
            6.[选词填空]___
              • 解题思路:下文用具体数据49 million讲现存问题,应该断定这个事实是根据报道得来的。It is reported that…是常用句型,意为“据报道…”,故应选reported。
              7.[选词填空]___
                • 解题思路:从句子结构分析,介词0f后应用名词或动名词作其宾语,故此处需填入名词作短语的中心词。词组in the wake of意为“随着…的’到来”,即上下旬意为“随着——的到来,需要食品援助的家庭数量开始增加”,由此可推断应该是经济萧条造成的,因此选recession (经济萧条不景气)语义相符。
                8.[选词填空]___
                  • 解题思路:空格位于介词in和where引导的定语从句之间,由此判断出空格处需填入一个表示地点的名词作定语从句先行词,根据上文出现的families可知此段讲的是家庭,此处语义应与families相近,故选households,表示家庭。
                  9.[选词填空]___
                    • 解题思路:根据空格前的动词askin9可知,此处需填入名词,作ask的宾语。构成固定搭配ask sb.to do sth.,从而可以把答案锁定于communities和households。根据句意,帮助200多家食品库和其网络中的6.1万所机构为低收入人群和家庭提供生存所需的食物的不可能是“全国各地的家庭”,可排除households,确定答案为communities(社区)。
                    10.[选词填空]___
                      • 解题思路:从句子结构角度分析,此句结构完整,所以空格处应填入一个副词作状语。根据上文可知,本句中的The people及they均指的是虽然有三四份兼职,但仍“需要食物救助的人”,可判断出他们经济状态困窘,故选financially,表示经济上、财政上处于边缘水平。
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                      • 参考答案:E,M,O,N,H,K,J,I,C,F