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试题内容

    “光盘行动”(“Clear Your Plate”Campaign)建议用餐者吃光盘子里的东西,鼓励将剩菜打包带走,以免浪费粮食。现在,中国的不少饭店都开始提供小份菜(smaller dishes)。中国每年浪费的粮食接近全国粮食总产量的1/10,成为世界上最大的人为灾害。“光盘行动”提醒人们,在他们大肆浪费粮食的时候,全世界仍然有许多人因为饥饿而死亡。“光盘行动”不再是某一个组织或个人的行动,而是一个关系到人类生存环境的行动,它有利于解决当前资源短缺的状况。

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  • 参考答案:

        "Clear Your Plate" Campaign proposes that diners eat up their food in plates and encourages them to take leftovers home in order to avoid food wasting, so a number of restaurants in China are offering smaller dishes now. The grain wasted in China each year is close to 1/10 of the national total grain output, which has become the world's largest man-made disaster. "Clear Your Plate" Campaign reminds people that when they are wasting food without restraint, there are still many people around the world who have died of starvation. It is no longer an action of a certain organization or an individual, but one related to the human living environment, which can contribute to resolving the current shortage of resources.

  • 解题思路:

    1.第一句与第二句之间隐含因果关系,可以合译成一句,用so连接,使逻辑关系更突出。
    2.在“中国每年浪费的粮食接近全国粮食总产量的1/10”中,主语的中心语是“粮食”,定语“中国每年浪费的”用过去分词短语wasted in China each year表达;“成为世界上最大的人为灾害”可以使用which引导的非限制性定语从句表达,修饰前面整个主句。
    3.在“全世界仍然有许多人因为饥饿而死亡”中,“全世界仍然有”是某处有某物/人,所以用there be句型表达;“有许多人因为饥饿而死亡”用who引导的定语从句来修饰people,使整个句子结构清晰。
    4.最后一句含有三个分句,“它有利于解决当前资源短缺的状况”用which引导的非限制性定语从句,可突出主次,使整个句子逻辑性更强、更连贯。